Peer-reviewed paper on a pluralistic practice-based futures approach published in Ecology and Society

FEAST HQ WG2_Publications

A peer-reviewed paper “New pathways for governing food system transformations: a pluralistic practice-based futures approach using visioning, back-casting, and serious gaming” about the outputs from collaborative research in Kyoto with Astrid Mangnus and Joost Vervoort, Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development at Utrecht University, the Netherlands was published in Ecology and Society 24(4):2. <Abstract> The global environmental change that characterizes the Anthropocene poses a threat to food systems. Cities increasingly serve as the spaces where civil society, private actors, and local governments come together to strategize toward more sustainable food futures and experiment with new forms of food governance. However, much of the futures literature in the context of sustainability focuses …

Peer-reviewed paper on new farmers published in Canadian Journal of Development Studies

FEAST HQ WG3_Publications

A peer-reviewed research paper on new farmers “Agrarian pathways for the next generation of Japanese farmers” by Steven McGreevy (Project Leader), Mai Kobayashi (Project Researcher) and Keiko Tanaka (WG3 Member/University of Kentucky) was published in Canadian Journal of Development Studies (Sep 2018). <Abstract> Japanese agriculture and rural communities are in decline and fewer young people are becoming farmers. Young heritage farmers and a new generation from non-farming families face multiple barriers to pursue farming as their profession or way of life. Using mixed methods, we examine cases of new farmers establishing themselves in Kyoto and Nagano, Japan. We uncover and analyse a set of representative pathways travelled by new farmers …

Research Papers on agri-food eco-branding tools in Journal of the Japanese Institute of Landscape Architecture

FEAST HQ WG4_Publications

Journal articles on agri-food eco-branding tools and “Cool Vege®” as WG4 research outputs was published in Journal of the Japanese Institute of Landscape Architecture Vol.81, No.3 (Oct 2017). “Co-designing Agri-food Eco-branding Tools for Supporting Sustainable Regions” Ayaka W. Kishimoto-Mo (NARO-NIAES), Shigeto Sudo (NARO-NIAES), Yusuke Tanabiki (Rikkyo University) and Akira Shibata (Ritsumeikan University) p.264-267 “Kyoto Kameoka Carbon Minus Project and Agricultural Eco Brand ‘Cool Vege®’” Akira Shibata (Ritsumeikan University) p.284-285

Peer-reviewed paper on urban agriculture in "Sustainable Sciences”

FEAST HQ WG1_Publications

A journal article “Assessing urban agriculture potential: a comparative study of Osaka, Japan and New York city, United States” co-authored by Prof. Yuji Hara, WG1 Chair and Associate Professor at Wakayama University, was published in Sustainable Science. Abstract: In this study, we examined urban agricultural production potential in New York city (NYC) in the United States and Osaka in Japan in a comparative study not only due to their similarities in population and region size but also differences in historical geographies and urban formation processes. We utilized available high-resolution land-use- and land-cover data to map and empirically compare size, land use, and spatial patterns of sites of current urban agriculture …

Peer-reviewed paper on Food Policy Council published in "Journal of Food System Research"

FEAST HQ WG2_Publications

A peer-reviewed paper “Development of Food Policy Councils  in North America and its implication (tentative English title)” co-authored by Masashi Tachikawa (Nagoya University) , Steven McGreevy, Motoki Akitsu (Kyoto University) and Momoe Oga (then-Doshisha University)  was published in “Journal of Food System Research, 23 (3)” (in Japanese). Abstract: The contemporary food system has various problems, such as contributing to food access disparity and negative health impacts. In response to these issues, there is growing attention toward food policy councils (FPC) in North America. FPC is a kind of platform where various stakeholders work together to find local solutions to the above-mentioned sorts of problems through collaborative actions. In this paper, the …

Peer-reviewed paper on revitalizing rurality published on "Journal of Rural Studies"

FEAST HQ WG2_Publications

A peer-reviewed paper ” Revitalising rurality under the neoliberal transformation of agriculture: Experiences of re-agrarianisation in Japan” co-authored by Prof. Shuji Hisano (Kyoto University, Project Member), Prof. Motoki Akitsu (Kyoto University, WG2 Chair) and Project Leader Steven R. McGreevy was published on an international journal, Journal of Rural Studies. “Revitalising rurality under the neoliberal transformation of agriculture: Experiences of re-agrarianisation in Japan” by Shuji Hisano, Motoki Akitsu, Steven R. McGreevy Abstract: Rural places are continually experiencing socio-economic change and the conceptual frameworks of re-de-agrarianisation and re-de-peasantisation were devised to explain agrarian transformations in a broad sense. Following empirical studies from other geographical contexts, this paper revisits the concepts of re-de-agrarianisation …

Peer-reviewed paper of WG1's research on land use in Kyoto City published on "Sustainability"

FEAST HQ WG1_Publications

A peer-reviewed paper “Urban Agriculture as a Sustainability Transition Strategy for Shrinking Cities? Land Use Change Trajectory as an Obstacle in Kyoto City, Japan” co-authored by Kimisato Oda, Christoph Rupprecht, Kazuaki Tsuchiya (The University of Tokyo) and Steven McGreevy was published on an international journal, Sustainability 10(4). “Urban Agriculture as a Sustainability Transition Strategy for Shrinking Cities? Land Use Change Trajectory as an Obstacle in Kyoto City, Japan” by Kimisato Oda, Christoph D. D. Rupprecht, Kazuaki Tsuchiya and Steven R. McGreevy Abstract: Can shrinking cities harness population decline to improve their sustainability by repurposing land use, for example, for localizing food production? Whether such a transition is feasible depends on …

Paper on Wakayama GIAHS site published in "Sustainability"

FEAST HQ WG1_Publications

A peer-reviewed paper “The Minabe-Tanabe Ume System: Linkage of Landscape Units by Locals” by Prof. Yuji Hara at Wakayama University was published in “Sustainability 10(4)”. “The Minabe-Tanabe Ume System: Linkage of Landscape Units by Locals” by Yuji Hara, Yuki Sampei and Hirotaka Tanaka Abstract:This paper focuses on the Minabe-Tanabe Ume system, which was designated as a Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS) in December of 2015. Because landholdings reflect historical social connections among various landscape units, we quantitatively examined the landscape characteristics of the system by preparing digitized spatial data and performing geographic information system analysis. We also examined the consensus building process among different stakeholders toward GIAHS recognition, as …

Ready for more-than-human? Measuring urban residents’ willingness to coexist with animals (Christoph Rupprecht)

FEAST HQ WG1_Publications

A peer-reviewed paper “Ready for more-than-human? Measuring urban residents’ willingness to coexist with animals” by Christoph Rupprecht (FEAST Project Researcher), which includes the research outputs of WG1, was published on Fennia-International Journal of Geography. Abstract: In the context of rapid urbanisation, geographers are calling for embracing non-humans as urban co-inhabitants. But if animals and plants are seen as ‘out of place’, sharing urban space can lead to wildlife conflicts. We therefore need to better understand residents’ willingness to coexist if we are to work towards more-than-human cities. This study quantitatively compared residents’ preferences toward sharing their neighbourhood, as well as perceptions of belonging across urban green space in two geographically and culturally distinct cities: …

Paper on Effect of dolomite and biochar addition on N2O and CO2 emissions published PLOS ONE

FEAST HQ WG4_Publications

A paper entitled “Effect of dolomite and biochar addition on N2O and CO2 emissions from acidic tea field soil” by Dr. Shigeto Sudo (Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences, National Agriculture and Food Research Organization (NIAES)) and Prof. Akira Shibata (OIC Research Organization, Ritsumeikan University), Chairs of WG4, was published on PLOS ONE. Abstract: A laboratory study was conducted to study the effects of liming and different biochar amendments on N2O and CO2 emissions from acidic tea field soil. The first experiment was done with three different rates of N treatment; N 300 (300 kg N ha-1), N 600 (600 kg N ha-1) and N 900 (900 kg N ha-1) and four …

Informal Urban Green Space: Residents’ Perception, Use, and Management Preferences across Four Major Japanese Shrinking Cities

FEAST HQ WG1_Publications

A paper about informal green space in Japan was published in “land” (Volume 6, Issue 3). “Informal Urban Green Space: Residents’ Perception, Use, and Management Preferences across Four Major Japanese Shrinking Cities” Christoph Rupprecht Abstract: Urban residents’ health depends on green infrastructure to cope with climate change. Shrinking cities could utilize vacant land to provide more green space, but declining tax revenues preclude new park development—a situation pronounced in Japan, where some cities are projected to shrink by over ten percent, but lack green space. Could informal urban green spaces (IGS; vacant lots, street verges, brownfields etc.) supplement parks in shrinking cities? This study analyzes residents’ perception, use, and management …

Paper on trade-off relationship between modern agriculture and biodiversity published in Land Use Policy

FEAST HQ WG4_Publications

A peer-reviewed paper “Trade-off relationship between modern agriculture and biodiversity: Heavy consolidation work has a long-term negative impact on plant species diversity” by Prof. Takeshi Osawa, WG4/Tokyo Metropolitan University, et al was published in “Land Use Policy”, 54: 78-84.(2016). Highlights: • Land consolidation is one of the major land-use changes in Japanese agricultural systems. • We examined the relationship between the occurrences of farmland consolidation and threatened plant species across Japan at the prefecture scale. • Results show that areas containing records of threatened plant species had rarely experienced consolidation. • We concluded that consolidated farmland areas have experienced/undergone a long-term negative impact on plant species diversity. Authors: Takeshi Osawa, …

Straw biochar hastens organic matter degradation and produces nutrient-rich compost

FEAST HQ WG4_Publications

A paper “Straw biochar hastens organic matter degradation and produces nutrient-rich compost” co-authored by Dr. Shen Zhou, WG4/Shanghai Academy of Agricultural Sciences, was published in “Bioresource Technology”, 200:876-883 (2016). Highlights: • Straw biochar improved water-soluble nutrient ions contents during composting. • Straw biochar enhanced the degradation of organic matter and maturity. • The product with biochar addition became mature after composting for 42 days. • A final concentration of 10–15% straw biochar was optimal. Authors: Jining Zhang, Guifa Chen, Huifeng Sun, Sheng Zhou*, Guoyan Zou Journal: Bioresource Technology, 200:876-883 (2016) DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2015.11.016

Contribution of soil moisture to seasonal and annual variations of soil CO2 efflux in a humid cool-temperate oak-birch forest in central Japan

FEAST HQ WG4_Publications

A paper “Contribution of soil moisture to seasonal and annual variations of soil CO2 efflux in a humid cool-temperate oak-birch forest in central Japan” by Dr. Ayaka Kishimoto-Mo, WG4 Chair/NARO, et al. was published on “Ecological Research” 30: 311-325 (2015). “Contribution of soil moisture to seasonal and annual variations of soil CO2 efflux in a humid cool-temperate oak-birch forest in central Japan” Kishimoto-Mo A.W., Yonemura S., Uchida M., Kondo M., Murayama S. & Koizumi H. Abstract: To quantify the contribution of soil moisture to seasonal and annual variations in soil CO2 efflux in a cool-humid deciduous broadleaf forest, we measured soil CO2 efflux during the snow-free seasons of 2005–2008 using …

Paper on Impacts of Information Disclosure for CO2 Emission Reduction in the Journal of Cleaner Production

FEAST HQ WG5_Publications

A research paper “Potential impacts of information disclosure designed to motivate Japanese consumers to reduce carbon dioxide emissions on choice of shopping method for daily foods and drinks” co-authored by Prof. Atsushi Inaba, WG5 Chair/Kogakuin University, is published in the Journal of Cleaner Production (Vol.101, p.205-214 (2015)). Abstract: Information disclosure associated with carbon dioxide emissions of goods or services may be useful for stimulating consumers to make choices to reduce carbon dioxide emissions. The scope of this study was to analyze the potential impact of information disclosure on consumer choices of daily shopping method through an internet survey of Japanese residents (2630 subjects). Japanese consumers were shown to have a preference …

Paper on Environmental Awareness published in International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment

FEAST HQ WG5_Publications

A research paper “Development of weighting factors for G20 countries—explore the difference in environmental awareness between developed and emerging countries” co-authored by Prof. Atsushi Inaba, WG5 Chair/Kogakuin University, was published in International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, Vol.23(12). pp 2311-2326 (2015). Abstract: Purpose: Weighting is one of the steps involved in LCIA. This enables us to integrate various environmental impacts and facilitates the interpretation of environmental information. Many different weighting methodologies have already been proposed, and the results of many case studies with a single index have been published. LIME2 (Itsubo et al. Int J Life Cycle Assess 17(4):488-498, 2012) developed weighting factors for four different areas of protection that reflect …

Paper on the Estimation Method for the CO2 Emission of Cooking in Journal of Life Cycle Assessment

FEAST HQ WG5_Publications

A research paper “the Estimation Method for the CO2 Emission of Cooking on Journal of Life Cycle Assessment in the Household” co-authored by Prof. Atsushi Inba, WG5 Chair, was published in the Journal of Life Cycle Assessment. Abstract : The visualization of CO2 emission in the lifestyle including food is thought recently to be essential for the sustainable society. In this paper, the estimation methods of the CO2emission for cooking in the household, especially for gas cooking such as “boil and steam”, “broil and stir-fry”, “deep fry(like tempra)” and “grill and oven” were developed based on the theoretical energy consumption to raise the food stuff temperature, which were calculated using their …

Informal urban green-space: comparison of quantity and characteristics in Brisbane, Australia and Sapporo, Japan

FEAST HQ WG1_Publications

Abstract: Informal urban green-space (IGS) such as vacant lots, brownfields and street or railway verges is receiving growing attention from urban scholars. Research has shown IGS can provide recreational space for residents and habitat for flora and fauna, yet we know little about the quantity, spatial distribution, vegetation structure or accessibility of IGS. We also lack a commonly accepted definition of IGS and a method that can be used for its rapid quantitative assessment. This paper advances a definition and typology of IGS that has potential for global application. Based on this definition, IGS land use percentage in central Brisbane, Australia and Sapporo, Japan was systematically surveyed in a 10×10 …

Paper on deviations between observed and RothC-simulated Δ14C values published in European Journal of Soil Science

FEAST HQ WG4_Publications

A paper “Deviations between observed and RothC-simulated Δ14C values despite improved IOM initialization” by Dr. Yasuhito Shirato, WG4 member, at el was published in European Journal of Soil Science, 64, 576-585(2013). Abstract: The 14C contents and the carbon (C) pool sizes for Rothamsted Carbon (RothC) model pools and soil fractions determined by physical separation and subsequent chemical oxidation were directly compared for an agricultural topsoil (Dystric Cambisol) from a long-term experimental field in central Japan. The RothC model was run from 1975 to 2009 and the C concentration and Δ14C value of each pool and for the bulk soil were compared with the physical fractions that have been, according to …