Peer-reviewed paper on a pluralistic practice-based futures approach published in Ecology and Society

FEAST HQ WG2_Publications

A peer-reviewed paper “New pathways for governing food system transformations: a pluralistic practice-based futures approach using visioning, back-casting, and serious gaming” about the outputs from collaborative research in Kyoto with Astrid Mangnus and Joost Vervoort, Copernicus Institute of Sustainable Development at Utrecht University, the Netherlands was published in Ecology and Society 24(4):2. <Abstract> The global environmental change that characterizes the Anthropocene poses a threat to food systems. Cities increasingly serve as the spaces where civil society, private actors, and local governments come together to strategize toward more sustainable food futures and experiment with new forms of food governance. However, much of the futures literature in the context of sustainability focuses …

Ecological Footprint Research Data on WWF&GNF Report

FEAST HQ WG1_Publications

A report “Kankyou to Mukiau Machizukuri – Nihon no Ecological Footprint 2019 – (Community development striving for better environment – Ecological Footprint in Japan 2019 – (English title is not official)” co-authored by WWF Japan and Global Foot Print Network was published on  July 26th, 2019. Global environmental issues stem largely from our daily consumer activity. Nonetheless, we fail to relate to and understand it as we often lack a tool to do so. This report articulately shows “ecological footprint” as “a tool to visualize and quantify the impacts that local communities place on the environment” (p.3 -translated from Japanese). FEAST provided the analytical data of the ecological footprint for …

Peer-reviewed paper on new farmers published in Canadian Journal of Development Studies

FEAST HQ WG3_Publications

A peer-reviewed research paper on new farmers “Agrarian pathways for the next generation of Japanese farmers” by Steven McGreevy (Project Leader), Mai Kobayashi (Project Researcher) and Keiko Tanaka (WG3 Member/University of Kentucky) was published in Canadian Journal of Development Studies (Sep 2018). <Abstract> Japanese agriculture and rural communities are in decline and fewer young people are becoming farmers. Young heritage farmers and a new generation from non-farming families face multiple barriers to pursue farming as their profession or way of life. Using mixed methods, we examine cases of new farmers establishing themselves in Kyoto and Nagano, Japan. We uncover and analyse a set of representative pathways travelled by new farmers …

Research Papers on agri-food eco-branding tools in Journal of the Japanese Institute of Landscape Architecture

FEAST HQ WG4_Publications

Journal articles on agri-food eco-branding tools and “Cool Vege®” as WG4 research outputs was published in Journal of the Japanese Institute of Landscape Architecture Vol.81, No.3 (Oct 2017). “Co-designing Agri-food Eco-branding Tools for Supporting Sustainable Regions” Ayaka W. Kishimoto-Mo (NARO-NIAES), Shigeto Sudo (NARO-NIAES), Yusuke Tanabiki (Rikkyo University) and Akira Shibata (Ritsumeikan University) p.264-267 “Kyoto Kameoka Carbon Minus Project and Agricultural Eco Brand ‘Cool Vege®’” Akira Shibata (Ritsumeikan University) p.284-285

Research Papers and Interview Article in Journal of the Japanese Institute of Landscape Architecture

FEAST HQ WG3_Publications

Three papers and one interview article as WG3 research outputs were published in Journal of the Japanese Institute of Landscape Architecture Vol.81, No.3 (Oct 2017). “Learning from GIAHS Landscapes” Daniel Niles (RIHN) p.260-p.263 “Conserving Local Crop Varieties – Cases from Iwaizumi-cho, Iwate Prefecture and Nanbu-cho, Aomori Prefecture” Ayako Kawi (Australian National University) p.272-273 “Expanding the Utilization of Wild Life Meat from the Viewpoint of Local Food System: A Case from Kushiro City” Norie Tamura (RIHN-FEAST) p.274-277 “Birthing a Small Economy – an Interview with the Representative of Kyoto Farmer’s Market” Interviewee: Atsuko Isaki, Interviewer: Mai Kobayashi (RIHN-FEAST) p.278-281    

Report on the“International Workshop: Sustainable Development and Commons in East Asia” in RIHN Humanity&Nature Newsletter

FEAST HQ WG3_Publications

On the 11th and 12th of February, the“International Workshop: Sustainable Development and Commons in East Asia” was held in Kyoto, inviting researchers from SSK Research Center on the Commons and Sustainable Society, Jeju National University in Korea and Prof. Margaret Mackean, the inductee of the 9th Earth Hall of Fame Kyoto. With the objective to share history, current situation and challenges of the commons in Japan and Korea, advance understanding, explore how the study of the commons will develop in East Asia, which may ultimately provide implications for a sustainable society, the spirit of the discussion was high for the entire two days! Norie Tamura, Senior Project Researcher, contributed the report …

Paper on wild meat utilization published in "Nogyou to Keizai (Agriculture and Economy)"

FEAST HQ WG3_Publications

A special topic on the potential of utilizing gibier (wild meat) was featured in “Nogyou to Keizai (Agriculture and Economy)” Vol. 84, No.6, in which an article “Distribution and consumption of wild meat in Japan: Creating a local food system*” by Norie Tamura (Project Senior Researcher/WG3 Chair) was published. In her article, she pointed out that utilization of wild meat may serve a double purpose of wildlife management and regional development, but at the same time, there are a number of issues that require careful considerations. She, therefore, laid out those issues to understand what needs to be considered to create an efficient and sustainable system to utilize wild meat. …

Peer-reviewed paper of WG1's research on land use in Kyoto City published on "Sustainability"

FEAST HQ WG1_Publications

A peer-reviewed paper “Urban Agriculture as a Sustainability Transition Strategy for Shrinking Cities? Land Use Change Trajectory as an Obstacle in Kyoto City, Japan” co-authored by Kimisato Oda, Christoph Rupprecht, Kazuaki Tsuchiya (The University of Tokyo) and Steven McGreevy was published on an international journal, Sustainability 10(4). “Urban Agriculture as a Sustainability Transition Strategy for Shrinking Cities? Land Use Change Trajectory as an Obstacle in Kyoto City, Japan” by Kimisato Oda, Christoph D. D. Rupprecht, Kazuaki Tsuchiya and Steven R. McGreevy Abstract: Can shrinking cities harness population decline to improve their sustainability by repurposing land use, for example, for localizing food production? Whether such a transition is feasible depends on …

Ready for more-than-human? Measuring urban residents’ willingness to coexist with animals (Christoph Rupprecht)

FEAST HQ WG1_Publications

A peer-reviewed paper “Ready for more-than-human? Measuring urban residents’ willingness to coexist with animals” by Christoph Rupprecht (FEAST Project Researcher), which includes the research outputs of WG1, was published on Fennia-International Journal of Geography. Abstract: In the context of rapid urbanisation, geographers are calling for embracing non-humans as urban co-inhabitants. But if animals and plants are seen as ‘out of place’, sharing urban space can lead to wildlife conflicts. We therefore need to better understand residents’ willingness to coexist if we are to work towards more-than-human cities. This study quantitatively compared residents’ preferences toward sharing their neighbourhood, as well as perceptions of belonging across urban green space in two geographically and culturally distinct cities: …

Paper on Effect of dolomite and biochar addition on N2O and CO2 emissions published PLOS ONE

FEAST HQ WG4_Publications

A paper entitled “Effect of dolomite and biochar addition on N2O and CO2 emissions from acidic tea field soil” by Dr. Shigeto Sudo (Institute for Agro-Environmental Sciences, National Agriculture and Food Research Organization (NIAES)) and Prof. Akira Shibata (OIC Research Organization, Ritsumeikan University), Chairs of WG4, was published on PLOS ONE. Abstract: A laboratory study was conducted to study the effects of liming and different biochar amendments on N2O and CO2 emissions from acidic tea field soil. The first experiment was done with three different rates of N treatment; N 300 (300 kg N ha-1), N 600 (600 kg N ha-1) and N 900 (900 kg N ha-1) and four …

GIAHS fieldwork report on Humanity&Nature Newsletter No. 67

FEAST HQ WG3_Publications

The report on fieldwork that Norie Tamura, WG3 Chair conducted at GIAHS site – Takachihogo-Shiibayama Mountainous Agriculture and Forestry System – in Miyazaki Prefecture was published on Humanity&Nature Newsletter No. 67. The GIAHS designation recognizes the value of what local residents see as a part of their everyday life at the international level. Yet, the great significance of GIAHS lies in its potential to link more recent knowledge and technologies to local/traditional livelihood and explore the brighter future, says Tamura. Please check the article (p.5~6) from the following link (Japanese only). Humanity&Nature Newsletter No. 67  

Informal Urban Green Space: Residents’ Perception, Use, and Management Preferences across Four Major Japanese Shrinking Cities

FEAST HQ WG1_Publications

A paper about informal green space in Japan was published in “land” (Volume 6, Issue 3). “Informal Urban Green Space: Residents’ Perception, Use, and Management Preferences across Four Major Japanese Shrinking Cities” Christoph Rupprecht Abstract: Urban residents’ health depends on green infrastructure to cope with climate change. Shrinking cities could utilize vacant land to provide more green space, but declining tax revenues preclude new park development—a situation pronounced in Japan, where some cities are projected to shrink by over ten percent, but lack green space. Could informal urban green spaces (IGS; vacant lots, street verges, brownfields etc.) supplement parks in shrinking cities? This study analyzes residents’ perception, use, and management …

Paper on trade-off relationship between modern agriculture and biodiversity published in Land Use Policy

FEAST HQ WG4_Publications

A peer-reviewed paper “Trade-off relationship between modern agriculture and biodiversity: Heavy consolidation work has a long-term negative impact on plant species diversity” by Prof. Takeshi Osawa, WG4/Tokyo Metropolitan University, et al was published in “Land Use Policy”, 54: 78-84.(2016). Highlights: • Land consolidation is one of the major land-use changes in Japanese agricultural systems. • We examined the relationship between the occurrences of farmland consolidation and threatened plant species across Japan at the prefecture scale. • Results show that areas containing records of threatened plant species had rarely experienced consolidation. • We concluded that consolidated farmland areas have experienced/undergone a long-term negative impact on plant species diversity. Authors: Takeshi Osawa, …

Straw biochar hastens organic matter degradation and produces nutrient-rich compost

FEAST HQ WG4_Publications

A paper “Straw biochar hastens organic matter degradation and produces nutrient-rich compost” co-authored by Dr. Shen Zhou, WG4/Shanghai Academy of Agricultural Sciences, was published in “Bioresource Technology”, 200:876-883 (2016). Highlights: • Straw biochar improved water-soluble nutrient ions contents during composting. • Straw biochar enhanced the degradation of organic matter and maturity. • The product with biochar addition became mature after composting for 42 days. • A final concentration of 10–15% straw biochar was optimal. Authors: Jining Zhang, Guifa Chen, Huifeng Sun, Sheng Zhou*, Guoyan Zou Journal: Bioresource Technology, 200:876-883 (2016) DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2015.11.016

Contribution of soil moisture to seasonal and annual variations of soil CO2 efflux in a humid cool-temperate oak-birch forest in central Japan

FEAST HQ WG4_Publications

A paper “Contribution of soil moisture to seasonal and annual variations of soil CO2 efflux in a humid cool-temperate oak-birch forest in central Japan” by Dr. Ayaka Kishimoto-Mo, WG4 Chair/NARO, et al. was published on “Ecological Research” 30: 311-325 (2015). “Contribution of soil moisture to seasonal and annual variations of soil CO2 efflux in a humid cool-temperate oak-birch forest in central Japan” Kishimoto-Mo A.W., Yonemura S., Uchida M., Kondo M., Murayama S. & Koizumi H. Abstract: To quantify the contribution of soil moisture to seasonal and annual variations in soil CO2 efflux in a cool-humid deciduous broadleaf forest, we measured soil CO2 efflux during the snow-free seasons of 2005–2008 using …

Paper on Impacts of Information Disclosure for CO2 Emission Reduction in the Journal of Cleaner Production

FEAST HQ WG5_Publications

A research paper “Potential impacts of information disclosure designed to motivate Japanese consumers to reduce carbon dioxide emissions on choice of shopping method for daily foods and drinks” co-authored by Prof. Atsushi Inaba, WG5 Chair/Kogakuin University, is published in the Journal of Cleaner Production (Vol.101, p.205-214 (2015)). Abstract: Information disclosure associated with carbon dioxide emissions of goods or services may be useful for stimulating consumers to make choices to reduce carbon dioxide emissions. The scope of this study was to analyze the potential impact of information disclosure on consumer choices of daily shopping method through an internet survey of Japanese residents (2630 subjects). Japanese consumers were shown to have a preference …

Paper on Environmental Awareness published in International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment

FEAST HQ WG5_Publications

A research paper “Development of weighting factors for G20 countries—explore the difference in environmental awareness between developed and emerging countries” co-authored by Prof. Atsushi Inaba, WG5 Chair/Kogakuin University, was published in International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment, Vol.23(12). pp 2311-2326 (2015). Abstract: Purpose: Weighting is one of the steps involved in LCIA. This enables us to integrate various environmental impacts and facilitates the interpretation of environmental information. Many different weighting methodologies have already been proposed, and the results of many case studies with a single index have been published. LIME2 (Itsubo et al. Int J Life Cycle Assess 17(4):488-498, 2012) developed weighting factors for four different areas of protection that reflect …

Paper on the Estimation Method for the CO2 Emission of Cooking in Journal of Life Cycle Assessment

FEAST HQ WG5_Publications

A research paper “the Estimation Method for the CO2 Emission of Cooking on Journal of Life Cycle Assessment in the Household” co-authored by Prof. Atsushi Inba, WG5 Chair, was published in the Journal of Life Cycle Assessment. Abstract : The visualization of CO2 emission in the lifestyle including food is thought recently to be essential for the sustainable society. In this paper, the estimation methods of the CO2emission for cooking in the household, especially for gas cooking such as “boil and steam”, “broil and stir-fry”, “deep fry(like tempra)” and “grill and oven” were developed based on the theoretical energy consumption to raise the food stuff temperature, which were calculated using their …